i Jonathan K. T. Smith, comp., Tombstone Inscriptions from Black Cemeteries in Madison County, Tennessee (Jackson, TN: privately printed, 2000), 21.

ii “Friedlob,” Madison County, Tennessee Families, <> (14 November 2002).

iii Emma Inman Williams, Historic Madison: The Story of Jackson & Madison County Tennessee From the Prehistoric Moundbuilders to 1917 (Jackson, TN: Madison County Historical Society, 1946), 152.

iv Williams, 328.

v Williams, 400.

vi Goodspeed Biographical Appendix, Madison County, Tennessee <> (12 August 2002); Williams, 361.

vii Williams, 400.

viii Those identified in Williams, 527-30, include:

National: Herron Carney Pearson (died 1953) [E 5] Representative 1935-1943;

Thomas Jefferson Murray (died 1971) Representative 1943-1967;

State: J. D. Bledsoe (died 1985) [Q14] senator 1939-41;

E. Blackmon (died 1938) [G21] representative 1915-23;

Richard Dungan (died 1955) [I 69] representative 1945–??;

V. B. Exum (died 1918) [H 50] floating representative 1901-03;

Eugene Fulghum (died 1928) [K1 40] senator 1917-19;

A. Harris (died 1939) [I 43] representative 1907-09;

Gid T. Henderson (died 1948) [M29] representative 1931-35;

S. Johnson (died 1953) [Q 115] representative 1913-15;

L. Johnson (died 1947) [Q122] representative 1927-29;

Sam C. Jones, (died 1950) [Q36] floating representative 1931-33;

A. Midyett (died 1961) [V 710] representative 1933-35, 1939-41, 1943 –1945; William P. Moss (died 1985) [K3] senator 1933-37, speaker 1935-37;

B. Neely (died 1937) [B26] representative 1923-33;

William Albert Perry (died 1930) [N 43] representative 1897-99;

Lowell Simmons (died 1951) [V 107] representative 1945-??;

Richard Reynolds Sneed (died 1947) [M109] representative 1905-07;

Ancil Walter Stovall (died 1923) [B 30] senator 1895-97;

B. Swink (died 1933) [B13] representative 1919-21, senator 1923-25;

Andrew Tip Taylor, Jr. (died 1946) [M3] representative 1937-39;

Henry Taylor (died 1928) [E 3] representative 1913-15;

Local: C. E. Griffin (died 1925) [C48] mayor of Jackson 1910-1915;

Thomas G. Polk (died 1928) [I 78] mayor of Jackson 1909-10;

Other: S. J. Everett (died 1945) [I 90] 1914 candidate for Democratic gubernatorial nomination (Williams, 387);

Robert S. Fletcher (died 1931) [I 82] on Governor Robert Taylor’s staff (Williams, 329).

ix Apparently the group anticipated a third world war and planned the marker to have enduring relevance.

x Wallach, Evan J., “The Procedural and Evidentiary Rules of the Post World War II War Crimes Trials: Did They Provide an Outline for International Legal Procedure?” Law of War Page. <> (30 September 2002).

xi Woodmen of the World Life Insurance Society Page, “About Woodmen,” “Woodmen Grave Markers,” and “Woodmen History, < > (31 May 2002).

xii Other similar markers symbolizing laying down the earthly burden (cross) and taking up the heavenly crown are generally executed in dark gray stone rather than the W.O.W. trademark brown.

xiii Hollywood Cemetery Board of Directors. “An Invitation to Hollywood Cemetery, Jackson, Tennessee.” Jackson, TN [?]: privately printed, no date.

xiv Although none of the stones individually photographed has a visible stone carver’s name, Jackson City Directories list the following local cutters during the period of significance: Beville Marble Works, Jackson Marble & Granite Works, and City Marble Works (also known as J. T. Whitehead & Sons). It is very likely that some tombstones in Hollywood Cemetery came from all three firms. Two likely artisans were John T. Whitehead (died 1904) [B59], owner of City Marble Works, and John Langford, who worked for Jackson Marble and Granite Works across the street from Hollywood Cemetery. The latter has been in business since 1928. According to Goodspeed’s history (912), former Confederate soldier with the 1st Tennessee Heavy Artillery unit and four time prisoner of war, Whitehead settled in Jackson in 1879 and had a “first-class marble trade.” Information on Langford was provided by Robert Taylor in a telephone conversation with author on 24 September 2001 (notes at Center for Historic Preservation, Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, TN). At the turn of the century, architectural and monument pattern books were becoming popular; therefore, it is reasonable to believe that some markers were copies from patterns rather than designs unique to a local carver.

xv Conversation with cemetery association president, Joe Exum, 9 April 2002.

xvi Tim Talbot, “How to ‘Unearth’ the Past in Cemeteries,” Bulletin No. 5, Association of Illinois Museums and Historical Societies, January 1994.

xvii Jonathan K. T. Smith, Tombstone Inscriptions in Historic Riverside Cemetery in Jackson, Tennessee, rev. ed., (Jackson, TN [?]: privately published, 1998), <>(12 July 2002), 81.

xviii “How to Interpret Gravestone Motifs,” Saving Graves Page, <> (28 June 2001).

xix This statue may have been available to WWI veterans through mail order outlets.

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